People with gout and high uric acid levels who adhered to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, which emphasizes vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts, had a mean decrease in serum uric acid levels of -0.35 mg. An even greater reduction was seen in participants whose baseline serum uric acid level was 7 mg/dL or higher, with a change of -1.3 mg/dL. That effect size “approached that of pharmacologic urate-lowering therapy,” the researchers noted. Elevated uric acid has been linked to the development of gout and heart disease.

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